Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant. PCOS also causes hair growth on the face and body, and baldness.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Pelvic exam Pelvic exam In a pelvic exam, your physician inserts two gloved fingers inside your vagina. While simultaneously pressing down on your abdomen, he or she can examine your uterus, ovaries and other organs. Transvaginal ultrasound Transvaginal ultrasound During a transvaginal ultrasound, your doctor or a medical technician inserts a wandlike device transducer into your vagina while you lie on your back on an exam table.

The transducer emits sound waves that generate images of your pelvic organs, including your ovaries.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

On an ultrasound image inseta polycystic ovary shows many follicles. Each dark circle on the ultrasound image represents a fluid-filled follicle in the ovary. Your doctor may suspect PCOS if you have 20 or more follicles in each ovary.

Your doctor is likely to start with a discussion of your medical history, including your menstrual periods and weight changes.

A physical exam will include checking for signs of excess hair growth, insulin resistance and acne. Your doctor might then recommend: The doctor visually and manually inspects your reproductive organs for masses, growths or other abnormalities.

Your blood may be analyzed to measure hormone levels. This testing can exclude possible causes of menstrual abnormalities or androgen excess that mimics PCOS.

You might have additional blood testing to measure glucose tolerance and fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Your doctor checks the appearance of your ovaries and the thickness of the lining of your uterus. A wandlike device transducer is placed in your vagina transvaginal ultrasound.

The transducer emits sound waves that are translated into images on a computer screen. If you have a diagnosis of PCOS, your doctor might recommend additional tests for complications. Those tests can include: Periodic checks of blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and cholesterol and triglyceride levels Screening for depression and anxiety Screening for obstructive sleep apnea Treatment PCOS treatment focuses on managing your individual concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity.

Specific treatment might involve lifestyle changes or medication. Lifestyle changes Your doctor may recommend weight loss through a low-calorie diet combined with moderate exercise activities.

Even a modest reduction in your weight — for example, losing 5 percent of your body weight — might improve your condition. Losing weight may also increase the effectiveness of medications your doctor recommends for PCOS, and can help with infertility.

Medications To regulate your menstrual cycle, your doctor might recommend: Combination birth control pills. Pills that contain estrogen and progestin decrease androgen production and regulate estrogen.

Regulating your hormones can lower your risk of endometrial cancer and correct abnormal bleeding, excess hair growth and acne. Instead of pills, you might use a skin patch or vaginal ring that contains a combination of estrogen and progestin. Taking progestin for 10 to 14 days every one to two months can regulate your periods and protect against endometrial cancer.

The progestin-only minipill or progestin-containing intrauterine device is a better choice if you also wish to avoid pregnancy. To help you ovulate, your doctor might recommend: This oral anti-estrogen medication is taken during the first part of your menstrual cycle. This breast cancer treatment can work to stimulate the ovaries.

Metformin Glucophage, Fortamet, others. This oral medication for type 2 diabetes improves insulin resistance and lowers insulin levels. If you have prediabetes, metformin can also slow the progression to type 2 diabetes and help with weight loss. These hormone medications are given by injection.Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in females.

Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and . Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels.

Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to.

Related stories

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of . Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), also known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to have a variety of symptoms.

PCOS Symptoms — PCOS Awareness Association

It should be noted that most women with the condition have a number of small cysts in the ovaries. Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, has a number of symptoms associated with it.

Many of the symptoms of PCOS are common issues that many women . One common type of hormonal issue is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a reproductive problem that affects between 8 and 20 percent of women. It occurs when women have an .

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic