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Production Article from Boeing: Boeing Commercial Airplanes performs major assembly of all s at its factories in the United States; however, parts for the airplanes come from suppliers all over the world.
Assembling a is a complex job. Factory employees must takeparts; an equal number of bolts, rivets and other fasteners; and 36 miles 58 kilometers of electrical wire; and put them all together to form an airplane. The fuselage, or body of the airplane, is produced at a Boeing plant in Wichita, Kan.
At that facility, employees attach the nose section of the airplane's fuselage to the center and tail sections.
When the fuselage is complete, it is strapped aboard a railroad car for a 2,mile 3,kilometer train ride across the United States. When the train arrives at the Renton factory, the fuselage is transferred to a large cart and wheeled to the final assembly building, where it spends about 13 days.
During the first stage of final assembly, factory workers focus on the interior. In the same way carpenters might finish the inside of a house, they install insulation material along the inside walls of the fuselage, then add wiring and plumbing. When the fuselage is ready to move to the next stage of production, an overhead crane located 89 feet 27 meters above the floor lifts it high into the air and gently places it down into its next position.
Here, precision tools are used to install the landing gear and the two wings, making the structure look like a real airplane.
At this point, the can roll along the factory floor and take its position in the moving production line.
Henry Ford introduced the moving assembly line to automobile manufacturing a century ago. Boeing became the first commercial airframe manufacturer to use the concept to build jetliners when first theand then theproduction lines were transformed into a moving line.
The moving line helps reduce the time to assemble the airplane and also cuts inventory and production costs. The s on the line move continuously at a rate of 2 inches 5 centimeters per minute; the line stops only for employee breaks, critical production issues or between shifts.
Timelines painted on the floor help workers gauge the progress of manufacturing. Near the beginning of the moving line, an overhead crane lifts the foot-high 7-meter tailfin into place so it can be attached.
Next, floor panels and serving galleys are installed and functional testing begins. In a test called the "high blow," mechanics pressurize the plane to trick it into thinking it is flying 92, feet 28, meters in the air more than twice as high as it will fly in service.
Then, inspectors make sure there are no air leaks. In another test, large yellow jacks lift the ,pound 70,kilogram airplane into the air so employees can try out the landing gear retraction system. As the airplane moves closer to the end of the line, the rest of the interior is completed - lavatories, luggage bins, ceiling panels, carpets, seats and other essentials are installed.
Right before the exits the final assembly factory, mechanics attach the jet engines. Once assembled, the airplane is towed to a hangar for painting. About 50 gallons liters of paint are used on an average ; the paint weighs approximately pounds kilograms.
When painting is complete, the airplane is ready for a Boeing test flight - one last step to make sure the is ready to fly passengers. After Boeing test pilots fly the airplane, the customer's airline pilots take it for a test run. When the customer test flight is complete, the is ready for delivery to its new owner.
And one more plane is added to the roster of s flying the skies worldwide. The Sheffield plant will employ about 30 people when it opens, Boeing said. Boeing Vice President for Supplier Management, Kent Fisher said "For these particular actuation systems it made sense to have greater capability in-house and addressed affordability issues with the supply chain The existing supply base was not providing us with the affordability we needed to stay competitive, there is a performance issue in the supply base and they were unable to meet production rates.
Also, we feel for the long term it's important that having internal capability is essential to our success.
Boeing currently has a total of 4, orders for all variants of its aircraft included in its unfilled backlog. How high can you go? Whereas Airbus spreads final assembly across four production lines scattered across Europe, China and the USA, Boeing concentrates final assembly under a single roof with two hangar bays named and Each hangar has contained a single assembly line with an adjacent feeder line running alongside.
To establish a third assembly line, Boeing consolidated both feeder lines into a single, three-level vertical structure called the systems integration tool inside the hangar.
On the top two floors, workers install wiring and electronic systems inside completed fuselages nestled into nine available positions, with three positions each dedicated to one of the three assembly lines.
The lowest floor holds the build-up stations for major sections, such as the stabilisers and nacelles. SEATTLE, March 13 Reuters - Boeing Co has started using a new automated system to build wing panels for jetliners, an important step in preparing to hit record production speeds while introducing new models of the popular plane.
The robotic system, known as the Panel Assembly Line, or PAL, this week drilled holes and installed rivets for the wings of a production aircraft, the first such use of the system since installation began last summer, Boeing officials told Reuters during a visit to the Renton, Washington, plant.Watch breaking news videos, viral videos and original video clips on blog-mmorpg.com blog-mmorpg.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
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